Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic in South Asia on crossroads of Central Asia and Western Asia.Economists estimate that Pakistan has been part of the wealthiest region of the world throughout the first millennium CE having the largest economy by GDP. This advantage was lost in the 18th century as other regions edged forward such as China and Western Europe.
The current political situation in Pakistan is fluid, to say the least. The country has been embroiled in a series of protests and power struggles over the past few months, and it seems like there is no end in sight. The main points of contention are the recent changes to the country’s electoral laws, which many believe are aimed at rigging the upcoming elections in favor of the ruling party.
This has led to widespread civil unrest, with people taking to the streets to demand free and fair elections. The situation became even more volatile when the Supreme Court ruled that former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif could not run for office again, due to his involvement in corruption scandals. This sparked outrage among Sharif’s supporters, who see him as a victim of political persecution.
The protests have since turned violent, with several people being killed and many more injured. It is clear that Pakistan is facing a major crisis, and it is hard to see how things will improve any time soon. The country is deeply divided along political lines, and it seems like there is little hope for reconciliation.
One can only hope that cooler heads will prevail and that Pakistan can find its way back to stability.
Is Pakistan a Democracy Or Dictatorship?
Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic in South Asia on the crossroads of Central Asia and Western Asia. Economically a middle power, Pakistan has the world’s sixth-largest standing armed forces in terms of personnel and is also a nuclear power as well as a declared nuclear-weapons state. The name Pakistan means “land of the pure” in Urdu and Persian.
It alludes to the word pāk meaning pure or cleanliness in Persian and Pashto. The suffix “-stan” means “place of” or “country”. Pakistan was created on 14 August 1947, when British India was divided along religious lines into two separate states: Muslim majority Pakistan (with West and East wings) and Hindu-dominated India.
The new Islamic state’s borders were not precisely defined but generally extended eastward from northwest British India to include what is now Bangladesh. Early reports indicated that many Hindus and Sikhs living in East Punjab migrated to India while many Muslims living in Bihar moved to West Punjab. From independence until 1971, Pakistan was an ethnically homogeneous country except for the western wing where Balochis, Pashtuns, Sindhis, Mohajirs (Urdu-speaking Muslim refugees from India), Seraikis, Muhajirs (refugees from Afghanistan) and others formed significant minorities.
The Constitution of 1973 codified equal rights for all Pakistani citizens regardless of religion or ethnicity but later amendments reversed these gains by giving preferential treatment to Islam and Islamization policies which were further accelerated under military ruler Zia-ul-Haq leading up to his overthrow in 1988. Since then there have been democratically elected governments with varying degrees of civilian control over the military – ranging from none during periods of martial law to indirect control during times when the military establishment has held de facto power behind the scenes even when civilians nominally headed the government.