Every year, the civil society organization Security, Justice and Peace based in Mexico organizes the ranking of the most violent cities in the world. The list is based on homicide rates per 100,000 inhabitants in each city. The ranking released in 2018 pointed 17 Brazilian cities to the list of the 50 most violent cities in the world.
Vitória – ES
Homicides: 707 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 36.07
Even being considered the 5th Best City to Live in Brazil by the United Nations (UN), Vitória does not escape the violence present in the country. The city has the Municipal Civil Guard of Vitória composed of 200 officers, in 2015, who work in the city’s patrol. There are plans to increase the staff to 500 community security agents.
Teresina – PI
Homicides: 315 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 37.05
The Green City, as it is called due to the large number of trees in the streets, is the only capital in the Northeast that is not located on the coast. It is also the most developed capital in the Northeast according to the FIRJAN Municipal Development Index. But it also suffers from urban violence.
Campina Grande – PB
Homicides: 153 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 37.29
One of the most important university centers in Brazil, Campina Grande was considered by Newsweek magazine the main technological center in Latin America. It also hosts major music, religious and popular events, such as the São João festivities, which last the entire month of June and are considered “the Greatest São João in the World”.
Campos de Goytacazes – RJ
Homicides: 184 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 37.53
Incredible as it may seem, this is the only city in Rio de Janeiro to make the ranking . Despite the state capital experiencing a public security crisis and having a significantly higher number of homicides than Campos de Goytacazes, the homicide rate per 100,000 inhabitants is lower due to the size of the population.
Macapá – AP
Homicides: 191 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 40.24
The only capital in the country to be crossed by the Equator. Macapá is the northernmost metropolis in the country and its metropolitan area is home to around 60% of the population of the State of Amapá.
Porto Alegre – RS
Homicides: 1,748 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 40.96
The capital of Rio Grande do Sul has seen its violence rate increase significantly in recent years. A survey carried out by the Cidade Segura Institute concluded that 82.5% of the city’s population consider it unsafe, in addition, 77% of respondents avoid going out at night for fear of robberies.
Manaus – AM
Homicides: 1,024 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 48.07
Manaus is the capital of the largest state in Brazil and has an urban growth rate higher than the rest of the country. This growth occurs in a disorderly way. Despite this, the city has been worse off in this same ranking in the past. In 2011, Manaus was nominated as the 5th most violent city in Brazil, while in 2018 it occupies the 11th position.
João Pessoa – PB
Homicides: 554 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 49.17
João Pessoa was founded in 1585, being one of the oldest cities in the country. It is also where Ponta do Seixas is located, the westernmost place in the Americas. Despite the coastal city being in 10th place in the ranking , homicide rates have been decreasing in recent years.
Salvador – BA
Homicides: 2,071 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 51.58
The beautiful and touristic Salvador is the richest capital of the Northeast, but it is also one of the cities where the social contrast is more evident. There are neighborhoods with a Human Development Index (HDI) higher than that of European countries, while others are much lower than poor countries in Africa.
Recife – PE
Homicides: 2,180 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 54.96
One of the most populous cities in Brazil, Recife is also the seat of the urban agglomeration with the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the Northeast Region. During the first half of the 2010s, the capital had been showing a decrease in the number of homicides, but since 2014 this rate has risen again.
Feira de Santana – BA
Homicides: 369 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 58.81
Feira de Santana was the first city in Latin America to have implemented an urban planning project and is one of the main industrial and commercial centers in the country. There were not many homicides in the city until the 2000s, but in recent times crime rate swiftness has increased a lot in the locality.
Aracaju – SE
Homicides: 560 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 58.88
Considered one of the capitals with the lowest cost of living in the country and the Northeast capital with the lowest social inequality, Aracaju has seen violence grow tremendously since 2016. The number of homicides has increased by 60%, according to the Brazilian Security Forum Public.
Maceió – AL
Homicides: 658 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 63.94
The capital of Alagoas has an urbanization rate of 99.75% and the metropolitan area of the city encompasses another 10 municipalities. Like other northeastern capitals, Maceió hosts major events and is a tourist hub. However, it is also pointed out by the Adolescent Homicide Index as the capital with the highest average of adolescent murders in the country.
Photo: Agência BR
Vitória da Conquista – BA
Homicides: 245 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 70.26
Since the 1990s, Vitória da Conquista has taken a leap forward in the development of the city, having advanced significantly in the areas of industry, commerce and tourism. Unfortunately, this growth has also occurred in violence and the number of homicides in the city has increased year after year.
Belém – PA
Homicides: 1,743 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 71.38
The second largest city in northern Brazil, known as Cidade das Mangueiras, is also the most violent in the region. A remarkable case occurred in 2018 when a wave of violence in the metropolitan area of the city resulted in the murder of 46 people in just 4 days.
Fortaleza – CE
Homicides: 3,270 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 83.48
Fortaleza is the second most desired tourist destination in Brazil, behind only Rio de Janeiro. Unfortunately, it is also the main destination for those interested in sex tourism in the country. The city was not on the list of the most violent, but since the famous robbery at the Central Bank of Fortaleza in 2005, the capital has seen organized crime grow exponentially and the number of homicides as well.
Christmas – RN
Homicides: 1,378 Homicide
rate per 100,000 inhabitants: 102.56
Considering its territorial area, Natal is one of the smallest capitals in the country. However, it is among the most populous and has the highest homicide rate per 100,000 inhabitants in Brazil. This index has grown dramatically in recent years, rising 256.9% between 2006 and 2016. The main causes identified are the strong dispute over control of local drug trafficking and insufficient investment in public safety by the government. State.